Brazil Quick Facts
Federative Republic of Brazil
- Type: Federative republic.
- Independence: September 7, 1822.
- Constitution: Promulgated October 5, 1988.
- Branches: Executive–president (chief of state and head of government popularly elected to no more than two 4-year terms).Legislative–Senate (81 members popularly elected to staggered 8-year terms), Chamber of Deputies (513 members popularly elected to 4-year terms). Judicial–Supreme Federal Tribunal (11 lifetime positions appointed by the president).
- Population (July 2013): 201 million.
- Work force (2012 est.): 106.3 million.
- Language: Portuguese.
Economy (2012 est.)
- GDP (nominal exchange rate): $2.396 trillion.
- GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.394 trillion.
- Annual real growth: 0.9%.
- Per capita GDP (nominal exchange rate): $12,079.
- Per capita GDP (purchasing power parity): $12,100.
- Natural resources: Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum. Brazil has 14% of the world’s renewable fresh water.
- Agriculture (5.2% of GDP): Products–soybeans, coffee, sugarcane, cocoa, rice, livestock, corn, oranges, cotton, wheat, and tobacco.
- Industry (26.3% of GDP): Types–steel, commercial aircraft, chemicals, petrochemicals, footwear, machinery, motors, vehicles, auto parts, consumer durables, cement, and lumber.
- Services (68.5% of GDP): Types–mail, telecommunications, banking, energy, commerce, and computing.
- Trade balance — $19.4 billion surplus.
- Exports–$242.6 billion.
- Major markets–China 17%, United States 11.1%, Argentina 7.4%, Netherlands 6.2%
- Imports–$223.2 billion.
- Major suppliers– China 15.4%, United States 14.7%, Argentina 7.4%, Germany 6.4%, and South Korea 4.1%
- Exchange rate (July 29, 2013): U.S. $1 = 2.27 Brazilian reais.
- CIA World Factbook
- U.S. Department of State Background Note
- CRS Report for Congress: Brazil-U.S. Relations.
- White House Fact Sheet: The U.S.-Brazil Bilateral Relationship