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Brazil Trade Action Coalition (BRAZTAC)

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The Brazil Trade Action Coalition (BRAZTAC) is comprised of a broad range of U.S. agricultural, manufacturing, services, and technology businesses and trade associations that support a definitive solution to the decade-old U.S. Brazil World Trade Organization (WTO) cotton case in order to avoid hundreds of millions of dollars in Brazilian trade retaliation against U.S. goods and intellectual property rights.

The Coalition was established in early 2010 and has since been actively engaged in the resolution of the U.S.-Brazil WTO cotton case both in the United States and in Brazil. It was initially created to facilitate dialogue between the U.S. and Brazilian governments to avoid nearly $1 billion in Brazilian trade retaliation against U.S. goods and intellectual property rights.
 
As a result of BRAZTAC’s efforts, the United States and Brazil agreed to a 2010 temporary agreement in the form of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) and a Framework Agreement. In the following two years, BRAZTAC actively engaged Congress to avoid, on five occasions, the dismantlement of this temporary agreement.
 
The Coalition is chaired by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce-affiliated Brazil-U.S. Business Council.
 
BRAZTAC’s action to support a temporary agreement between the United States and Brazil, to halt its dismantlement, and to facilitate dialogue between all stakeholders has already avoided near $2.5 billion in Brazilian trade retaliation against U.S. goods and intellectual property rights over the past 3 years.


2013:

November 21: U.S. Chamber Submits Letter to White House Urging Resumption of USDA Payments to Brazil
September 23: BRAZTAC Submits Letter Urging Congress to Support a Definitive Resolution to WTO Cotton Case in 2013 Farm Bill
June 28: Farm Bill's Failure In House Won't Affect Brazil Cotton Framework: Official (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 7: Industries Reach Deal On WTO Cotton Dispute; May Not Satisfy Brazil (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 5: BRAZTAC Submits Letter Urging U.S. Senate to Preserve the 2010 U.S.-Brazil Temporary Cotton Agreement
May 17: Vilsack Says U.S. Proposals May End Brazil Cotton Impasse (Bloomberg)
May 10: USDA Raises GSM-102 Fees After Program Again Exceeds Trigger Levels (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 26: Kind, Blumenauer Reintroduce Bill To End $147 Million Payment To Brazil Inside U.S. Trade
April 26: Azevedo, Blanco Advance To Final Round Of WTO DG Selection Process (Inside U.S. Trade)
March 5: BRAZTAC Submits Letter to U.S. Congress
February 7: Brazil, U.S. Keep To Cotton Framework; GSM-102 May Exceed Fee Triggers (Inside U.S. Trade)
January 3: Farm Bill Extension Raises Questions About Viability Of Cotton Settlement (Inside U.S. Trade)
January 1: Fiscal cliff deal includes farm bill extension (Politico)

2012:

November 15: In Face Of Brazil Pressure, Farm Groups Signal Flexibility On GSM-102 (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 31: Brazilian ambassador addresses WTO dispute (Western Farm Press)
October 25: Azevedo: U.S. Reluctant To Make Administrative Changes To GSM 102 (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 25: Brazil Cites Need For Engagement From U.S. On WTO Cotton Compliance (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 25: Brazil Formally Notifies WTO Of Continuing Interim Settlement With U.S. On Cotton Dispute (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 17: Farm bill delay is exacerbating Brazil-U.S. cotton dispute (The Hill)
September 24: Brazil and the United States Likely to Maintain the Cotton Pact (Valor Econômico)
July 27: Brazil, U.S. Agree that Cotton Settlement Will Hold Id Farm Bill Is Extended
July 20: Brazil Details STAX Criticism In First Formal Reaction To Senate Farm Bill (Inside U.S. Trade)
July 13: U.S., Brazilian Officials To Meet Next Week In Brasilia To Discuss Farm Bill (Inside U.S. Trade)
July 13: House Farm Bill Re-Introduces Cotton 'Reference Price' Targeted By Brazil (Inside U.S. Trade)
July 10: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to House Agriculture Committee Members
June 25: U.S. tries to cut Brazil’s cotton-related retaliation amount by half (Valor Econômico)
June 21: GSM 102 Tweaks, Recent Data Limit Brazil's WTO Cotton Retaliation Rights (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 21: Senate Passes Farm Bill In Vote Of 64 To 35, Shifting Attention To House (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 18: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to House Appropriations Committee Members
June 13: Brazil Reactivates Group To Examine Possible Brazil Cotton Retaliation (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 12: CAMEX announces group to assess reactivation of retaliation against the U.S. (Valor Econômico)
June 11: Country reactivates retaliation plan against United States (Valor Econômico)
June 7: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to Senate Members
June 5: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to House Agriculture Appropriations Subcommittee Members
May 23: NCC and ABRAPA Issue Joint Statement (NCC)
May 17: Brazil Criticism Led To Axing of ‘Reference Price’ In Farm Bill Cotton Plan (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 27: Senate Farm Bill Continues Brazil Cotton Payout (Rep. Ron Kind)
April 27: Farm Bill Provisions On Cotton, GSM 102 May Help Mollify Brazil Demands (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 26: Senate Agriculture Committee Makes Initial Step in Farm Bill Process (NCC)
April 25: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to Senate Appropriations Committee Members
April 24: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to Senate Agriculture Committee Members
April 20: Brazil, U.S. Examine If Cotton MOU Would Hold If Farm Bill Is Extended (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 20: GSM 102 Usage Again Exceeds Benchmark Set Out in Brazil Cotton Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 18: Brazil Criticism Leads Senate Ag Chiefs To Seek Cotton Proposal Changes (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 16: Obama FY ’13 Budget Goes Beyond Farm Savings Envisioned By Congress (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 13: White House Budget Proposal Goes Beyond Farm Savings Envisioned By Congress (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 9: Brazil Blasts Farm Bill Proposals, Suggests They Could Violate WTO Rules (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 6: Brazil Blasts NCC Farm Bill Proposal, Says It Could Violate WTO Rules (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 1: Brazil To Outline Criticisms of Farm Bill Proposals To U.S. Officials Today (Inside U.S. Trade)

2011:

November 2: BRAZTAC UPDATE: One-pager on the WTO cotton dispute and the Kind Amendments
October 31: Business Groups Urge Senate To Reject McCain Amendment Eliminating Cotton Payments to Brazil (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 27: BRAZTAC UPDATE Letter from BRAZTAC to Senate Members
October 21: GSM 102 Usage Again Exceeds Trigger Set Out In Cotton Framework Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 19: USDA Modifies Guarantee Fees Rate for the GSM-102 Program (USDA)
October 19: Brazilian Official Questions Ag Committees on Replacement For Direct Payments (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 18: BRAZTAC UPDATE: One-pager on the WTO cotton dispute and the McCain and Kind Amendments
October 18: GSM 102 Usage Again Exceeds Trigger Set Out In Cotton Framework Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 18: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to Senate Members
September 9: Cotton Council Floats Farm Policy Changes In Light of WTO Case, Budget (Inside U.S. Trade)
September 2: Senate Appropriations Sets Sept. 7 Markup For USDA Funding Legislation (Inside U.S. Trade)
August 26: National Cotton Council 2012 Farm Policy Statement (NCC)
July 13: USTR Says Administration Committed to Cotton Deal Despite House Vote (Inside U.S. Trade)
July 11: U.S., Brazil To Hold Cotton Framework Meeting This Week in Brazil (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 29: BRAZTAC UPDATE: One-pager on the WTO cotton dispute and the Kind Amendment
June 23: Brazil Says House Bill To End Cotton Payments Threatens Interim Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 17: House Approves Kind Amendment to Cease Payments to Brazil Under Cotton Agreement (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 16: House-Passed Bill Would Halt Payments To Brazil Under Cotton Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 16: NCC Applauds Defeat of Amendment to Terminate Key Cotton Provisions; Disappointed With Adoption of Amendment to Violate U.S.-Brazilian Agreement (NCC)
June 14: AARP’s Protect Seniors Campaign Video Mentions the Brazil Cotton Institute (Youtube)
June 14: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USCC to House Members
June 2: Appropriations Committee Attacks U.S. Payments to Brazil in Cotton Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 1: NCC Opposes Damaging FY12 Ag Appropriations Bill Amendments (NCC)
May 31: House bill cuts U.S. farm aid, payment to Brazil (Reuters)
April 28: USDA Hikes Up GSM 102 Fees After Usage Exceeds Framework Threshold (Inside U.S. Trade)
April 20: CCC Amends Coverage of Non-Interest-Bearing Debt Obligations Under the GSM-102 Program (USDA)
April 20: USDA Modifies Guarantee Fee Rates For the GSM-102 Program (USDA)
March 10: Brazil Presses U.S. on Delay In Releasing Broader Meat Import (Inside U.S. Trade)
March 4: Consultas entre Brasil e EUA sobre os compromissos assumidos no âmbito do Acordo-Quadro decorrente do contencioso do algodão (Brazilian Ministry of External Relations – MRE)
March 3: USDA Adjusts GSM 102 Fees to Help Comply With U.S.-Brazil Cotton Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 18: House Defeat of Kind Amendment Supports U.S. Government Agreement with Brazil (NCC)
February 15: Kind Proposes Eliminating Payments to Brazil Stemming From Cotton Dispute (Inside U.S. Trade)
February 14: Notice to GSM-102 Program Participants (USDA)
January 26: Why U.S. Taxpayers are Paying Brazilian Cotton Growers
January 25: The Cotton Wars (NPR)

2010:

December 17: Senate Aide: Cotton Lobby To Have Smaller Voice In 2012 Farm Bill (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 28: U.S., Brazil Find GSM 102 Usage Below Fee-Increase Trigger Of $1.3 Billion (Inside U.S. Trade)
October 14: U.S., Brazil To Meet Week For First Joint Review Of GSM 102 Program (Inside U.S. Trade)
August 27: U.S. Begins Cotton Payments, Brazilian Institute To Decide On Uses (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 25: U.S.-Brazil Cotton Deal Seeks To Curtail GSM 102 With Fee, Tenor Change (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 25: U.S., Brazil Framework Offers General Commitments On Cotton Subsidies (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 25: Kirk Comments on Signing of Framework Agreement Regarding WTO Cotton Dispute (USTR)
June 22: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from BRAZTAC to USTR and USDA
June 18: Brazil Accepts Framework Cotton Deal, Agrees To Hold Off On Retaliation (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 18: NCC Statement on U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement (NCC)
June 18: U.S. Groups Urge USDA To Not Change Disease Status Of Brazilian State (Inside U.S. Trade)
June 17: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Brazil and the United States agree to continue a dialogue aimed at finding a permanent solution to their WTO Cotton Dispute
June 17: BRAZTAC UPDATE: WTO Cotton Subsidy Case Background
June 17: CAMEX decision on the cotton dispute (Brazilian Ministry of External Relations – MRE)
June 17: U.S., Brazil Agree on Framework Regarding WTO Cotton Dispute (USTR)
June 10: Brazil-USA: Cotton Dispute (Brazilian Ministry of External Relations – MRE)
May 21: The Madness of Cotton (The Wall Street Journal)
April 21: Brasil-EUA: Contencioso do Algodão – Comunicado MRE-CAMEX (Brazilian Ministry of External Relations – MRE)
April 20: U.S., Brazil Agree on Memorandum of Understanding As Part of Path Forward Toward Resolution of Cotton Dispute (USTR)
April 9: World Tariff Wars (The Wall Street Journal)
April 9: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from BRAZTAC to USTR and USDA
April 6: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Progress on the WTO Cotton Dispute
April 6: BRAZTAC UPDATE: U.S. and Brazil develop path forward to avoid the countermeasures
April 6: U.S., Brazil Agree Upon Path Toward Negotiated Solution of Cotton Dispute (USTR)
April 6: US-Brazil Agreement in WTO Dispute Is a Positive Step Forward (NCC)
April 6: USDA Amends GSM-102 Credit Guarantees for Fiscal Year 2010 (USDA)
April 5: Contencioso Brasil-EUA na OMC sobre algodão – Reunião da CAMEX – 5 de abril de 2010 (Brazilian Ministry of External Relations – MRE)
March 23: James Bacchus: Brazil Tests Obama Commitment to Trade Enforcement (The Huffington Post)
March 22: Dear Colleague Letter from the House Committee on Agriculture
March 17: Dear Colleague Letter from Representative Kind
March 15: BRAZTAC UPDATE: English version of CAMEX Resolution 16 with the Preliminary List of Intellectual Property Rights
March 10: Lula urges Obama to settle cotton dispute quickly (Reuters)
March 9: Brazil slaps trade sanctions on United States over cotton dispute (BBC)
March 8: NCC’s Statement on Brazil Retaliatory Trade Measures Announcement (NCC)
March 8: Lincoln-Chambliss Statement on Brazil Retaliation Efforts Aimed at U.S. Cotton (Office of Senator Saxby Chambliss
March 8: Camex divulga hoje lista de retaliação comercial aos Estados Unidos (Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade – MDIC)
March 8: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Brazil Cotton Dispute – Clinton Visit and CAMEX List Publication
March 4: Clinton Says U.S. To Send Officials To Brazil Next Week To Discuss Cotton Deal (Inside U.S. Trade)
March 3: BRAZTAC UPDATE: United States and Brazil to launch negotiations to resolve cotton dispute
March 2: How Is the Threat of Trade Retaliation Affecting U.S.-Brazil Ties? (Inter-American Dialogue)
March 1: BRAZTAC UPDATE: WTO Cotton Subsidy Case Product List
March 1: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from USTR to BRAZTAC
February 10: Camex adia definição de produtos que serão usados em retaliação contra os EUA (G1)
February 9: BRAZTAC UPDATE: CAMEX to publish U.S. retaliation list in March
February 4: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from BRAZTAC to Congress
January 28: BRAZTAC UPDATE: Letter from Business Groups to USTR

2009:

December 16: Governo adia definição da lista de retaliação aos EUA
November 11: BRAZTAC UPDATE: English version of CAMEX Resolution 74 with the Preliminary List of Goods
October 14:Governo deixa retaliação a algodão dos EUA para 2010
September 2: WTO Arbitration Panel Ruling Fails to Recognize Changes to GSM Program; Punishes USA Despite Compliance with WTO (NCC)

Correspondence

05/12/2014: U.S. Chamber Submits Letter to USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack and USTR Michael Froman Urging Resolution of WTO Cotton Case Following Enactment of 2014 Farm Bill
11/21/2013: U.S. Chamber Submits Letter to White House Urging Resumption of USDA Payments to Brazil
09/23/2013: Letter from BRAZTAC to Congress
06/05/2013: Letter from BRAZTAC to U.S. Senate
03/05/2013: Letter from BRAZTAC to Congress
01/09/2013: Letter from USCC to USTR and Brazilian Ministry of External Relations
11/26/2012: Letter from BRAZTAC to House Members
09/27/2012: Letter from USCC to USTR and Brazilian Ministry of External Relations
07/10/2012: Letter from USCC to House Agriculture Committee Members
06/18/2012: Letter from USCC to House Appropriations Committee Members
06/07/2012: Letter from USCC to Senate Members
06/05/2012: Letter from USCC to House Agriculture Appropriations Subcommittee Members
04/26/2012: Letter from LCC to Senate Agriculture Committee Members
04/25/2012: Letter from USCC to Senate Appropriations Committee Members
04/24/2012: Letter from USCC to Senate Agriculture Committee Members
01/18/2012: Letter from the Government of Brazil to Congress
10/27/2011: Letter from BRAZTAC to Senate Members
10/18/2011: Letter from USCC to Senate Members
06/14/2011: Letter from USCC to House Members
06/22/2010: Letter from BRAZTAC to USTR and USDA
04/09/2010: Letter from BRAZTAC to USTR and USDA
03/03/2010: Letter from USCC and NAM to President Obama
03/01/2010: Letter from USTR to BRAZTAC
02/04/2010: Letter from BRAZTAC to Congress
01/28/2010: Letter from Business Groups to USTR
07/30/2009: Letter from USCC to House Members
07/30/2009: Letter from USCC to Senate Members

Brazilian Foreign Trade Board (CAMEX) Resolutions

Resolution 27 of 05/05/2011: Postponement of the Tariff-Rate Quota for Cotton Closure
Resolution 13 of 03/14/2011: Definition of Scope of the Tariff-Rate Quota for Cotton
Resolution 70 of 09/14/2010: Establishment of a Tariff-Rate Quota for Cotton
Resolution 50 of 07/27/2010: Appointment of Government Representatives to IBA
Resolution 43 of 06/17/2010: Suspension of Imposition of Retaliation
Resolution 19 of 04/05/2010: Postponement of Imposition of Retaliation
Resolution 16 of 03/12/2010: Preliminary List of Intellectual Property Rights [Unofficial English Version]
Resolution 15 of 03/05/2010: Final List of Goods
Resolution 74 of 11/06/2009: Preliminary List of Goods [Unofficial English Version]
Resolution 63 of 09/28/2009: Establishment of the Working Group on Countermeasures

Brazilian Cotton Dispute-Related Legislation

Law 12,270 of 06/24/2010: Establishment of Cross-Retaliation Procedures
Law 12,249 of 06/11/2010: Enabling of Government Representatives in IBA’s Board

Brazil Cotton Institute (IBA) Documents

Accounting Statements as of December 31, 2010 [Official English Version]
By Laws [Official English Version]

White House Documents

U.S. Department of Agriculture Budget for Fiscal Year 2013 (including cut on funds for IBA)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Documents

10/18/2012: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees in Compliance with the U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement
05/01/2012: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees in Compliance with the U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement
10/19/2011: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees in Compliance with the U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement
04/20/2011: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees in Compliance with the U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement
02/14/2011: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees in Compliance with the U.S.-Brazil Framework Agreement
04/19/2010: Press Release Modifying GSM-102 Fees as a Result of U.S.-Brazil Negotiations

U.S. Congress Documents

01/01/2013: American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 – Approved by the Senate
07/05/2012: Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2012 – House Agriculture Committee Print
06/21/2012: Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012 – Approved by the Senate
04/27/2012: Kind Bill to prohibit the Secretary of Agriculture from making payments to the Brazilian Cotton Institute
04/26/2012: Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012 – Manager’s Amendment
04/20/2012: Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012 – Senate Agriculture Committee Print
10/18/2011: McCain Amendment to the to the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
06/15/2011: Kind Amendment to the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 [approved in recorded vote]
06/13/2011: House Rules for the consideration of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 [report]
06/13/2011: Statement of Administration Policy (SAP) on the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
05/31/2011: DeLauro Amendment to the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 [rejected in recorded vote]
05/31/2011: Flake Amendment to the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 [rejected in voice vote]
05/27/2011: Flake Bill to require contributions to the fund established by the U.S. and Brazil be offset by reductions in direct payments for cotton producers under the Farm Bill [never discharged]
02/18/2011: Kind Amendment to the Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 [rejected in recorded vote]
03/22/2010: Dear Colleague Letter from the House Committee on Agriculture
03/17/2010: Dear Colleague Letter from Representative Ron Kind
03/08/2010: Lincoln-Chambliss Statement on Brazil Retaliation Efforts

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports

Summary of Selected Farm Safety Net Proposals – February 10, 2012
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – November 22, 2011
Farm Safety Net Proposals for the 2012 Farm Bill – October 06, 2011
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – October 04, 2011
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – September 21, 2011
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – June 21, 2011
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – January 05, 2011
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – June 30, 2010
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – January 04, 2010
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – June 17, 2008
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program: A Brief Overview – Jun. 17, 2008
Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program – January 25, 2008
U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision – September 08, 2006
U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision – July 11, 2005

Scholarship Pieces

Gene M. Grossman and Alan O. Sykes, ‘Optimal’ Retaliation in the WTO – a commentary on the Upland Cotton Arbitration. World Trade Review (2011) 10:1, 133-164
David J. Townsend and Steve Charnovitz, Preventing Opportunistic Uncompliance by WTO Members. Journal of International Economic Law (2011) 14(2): 437-468
John Baffes, Cotton Subsidies, the WTO, and the ‘Cotton Problem’. World Bank (2011) Policy Research Working Paper 5663
Dominic Coppens. WTO Disciplines on Export Credit Support for Agricultural Products in the Wake of the U.S. – Cotton Case and the Doha Round Negotiations. Institute for International Law (2009) Working Paper No. 28
Karen Halverson Cross. King Cotton, Developing Countries and the ‘Peace Clause’: The WTO’s US Cotton Subsidies Decision. Journal of International Economic Law (2006) 9(1): 149-195

Current Members of BRAZTAC

 

Further Information:

The Brazil-U.S. Business Council serves as the secretariat of BRAZTAC. For more information please contact:

Renata Vasconcellos
Senior Policy Director
Brazil-U.S. Business Council
Phone: (202) 463-5628

Luciana Rocha-Goldman
Senior Manager, Programs and Policy
Brazil-U.S. Business Council
Phone: (202) 463-5496